Scientific name: Penaeus Indicus (Family: Penaeidae)
English: Indian white prawn
French: Crevette Royale Blanche
Spanish: Camarόn Blanco de la India
Australia: Banana prawn; Indian banana prawn; Red-legged
India: Jinga; Naran; Chapda chingri; Vella chemeen
Pakistan: Jaira; Jiaro
Iran: Banana Shrimp
U.S.A.: Indian white shrimp
Size: Grows to 228 mm (nearly 9 inches).
Distribution: This important species is found in the
Indo-West Pacific from East and Southeast Africa,
through Malaysia and Indonesia to South China and
Northern Australia. It is a marine shrimp (with
estuarine juveniles) which likes mud or sandy mud at
depths of 2 to 90 meters (6 to 300 feet).
Comments: This is one of the major commercial species of
the world. It is the most important shrimp caught off
the East African coast, and is probably also the most
important Indian commercial species, especially for the
inshore fisheries and for rice field culture in Kerala.
It is important in Iran, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand,
Indonesia and the Philippines. A large population was
discovered fairly recently in Northwest Australia.
Similar to P. merguensis, the banana prawn, and P.
penicillatus, the red-tail prawn, the Indian white
varies in color from almost transparently colorless to
bright yellow .It is a good quality, good flavored
shrimp, popular with importers in Japan, Western Europe
and the U.S.A.
Unfortunately recent heavy fishing in India and western
indo pacific areas has reduced the average size caught,
Recently growing cultivated shrimp in Iran are using
this species as local adopted species for farmed shrimp,
while in other part of Asian countries like China are
using P. Venami and in Far Eastern countries are using
P. Monodon as the base of farmed shrimp